WHAT IS MYOPIA

Myopia is a common cause of correctable vision loss, with uncorrected myopia remaining the leading cause of distance vision impairment globally. Individual studies show variations in the prevalence of myopia and high myopia across regions and ethnic groups. And recent landmark publication estimates that by 2050, half the world population will have myopia.

ABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL MYOPIA INSTITUTE

The International Myopia Institute has arisen from the need to bring together the experts and the latest research, to make this information accessible, and easy to understand for the practitioner, governments, policy makers, educators and general public.


Our mission is to promote further progress in myopia research by bringing together, but not limited to scientists, clinicians, policy makers, government and educators into the field of myopia to stimulate collaboration and sharing of knowledge.

Myopia has been the subject of major international research for decades, directed towards understanding the development of this condition and how we can prevent, or slow it down. The number of people affected by myopia is now increasing around the world, and is projected to affect fifty per cent of the world population by 2050,1 due mainly to lifestyle factors.

Myopia has also been shown to increase the risk of sight threatening complications for example, glaucoma,2 cataract3 and retinal detachment.4


An unknown but frequent cause of vision impairment and blindness in East Asia and Europe is myopic macular degeneration.

The WHO held a Global Scientific Meeting on Myopia at the Brien Holden Vision Institute in Sydney, Australia in 2015 to address the public health issue of myopia, the classification of myopia, evidence for treatments, and the need to take action.

NEXT: PREVALENCE

References

1. Holden B, Fricke T, Wilson D, et al. Global prevalence of myopia, high myopia, and temporal trends from 2000 to 2050. submitted to Ophthalmology 2015.
2. Qiu M, Wang SY, Singh K, Lin SC. Association between myopia and glaucoma in the United States population. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 2013;54:830-5.
3. Younan C, Mitchell P, Cumming RG, Rochtchina E, Wang JJ. Myopia and incident cataract and cataract surgery: the blue mountains eye study. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 2002;43:3625-32.
4. Group TEDC-CS. Risk factors for idiopathic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. The Eye Disease Case-Control Study Group. American journal of epidemiology 1993;137:749-57.